Validation of the LUMIPULSE automated immunoassay for the measurement of core AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid.

TitleValidation of the LUMIPULSE automated immunoassay for the measurement of core AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGobom J, Parnetti L, Rosa-Neto P, Vyhnalek M, Gauthier S, Cataldi S, Lerch O, Laczo J, Cechova K, Clarin M, Benet AL, Pascoal TA, Rahmouni N, Vandijck M, Huyck E, Le Bastard N, Stevenson J, Chamoun M, Alcolea D, Lleó A, Andreasson U, Verbeek MM, Bellomo G, Rinaldi R, Ashton NJ, Zetterberg H, Sheardova K, Hort J, Blennow K
JournalClin Chem Lab Med
Volume60
Issue2
Pagination207-219
Date Published2022 Jan 27
ISSN1437-4331
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The core cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers; total tau (tTau), phospho-tau (pTau), amyloid β 1-42 (Aβ 1-42), and the Aβ 1-42/Aβ 1-40 ratio have transformed Alzheimer's disease (AD) research and are today increasingly used in clinical routine laboratories as diagnostic tools. Fully automated immunoassay instruments with ready-to-use assay kits and calibrators has simplified their analysis and improved reproducibility of measurements. We evaluated the analytical performance of the fully automated immunoassay instrument LUMIPULSE G (Fujirebio) for measurement of the four core AD CSF biomarkers and determined cutpoints for AD diagnosis.METHODS: Comparison of the LUMIPULSE G assays was performed with the established INNOTEST ELISAs (Fujirebio) for hTau Ag, pTau 181, β-amyloid 1-42, and with V-PLEX Plus Aβ Peptide Panel 1 (6E10) (Meso Scale Discovery) for Aβ 1-42/Aβ 1-40, as well as with a LC-MS reference method for Aβ 1-42. Intra- and inter-laboratory reproducibility was evaluated for all assays. Clinical cutpoints for Aβ 1-42, tTau, and pTau was determined by analysis of three cohorts of clinically diagnosed patients, comprising 651 CSF samples. For the Aβ 1-42/Aβ 1-40 ratio, the cutpoint was determined by mixture model analysis of 2,782 CSF samples.RESULTS: The LUMIPULSE G assays showed strong correlation to all other immunoassays (r>0.93 for all assays). The repeatability (intra-laboratory) CVs ranged between 2.0 and 5.6%, with the highest variation observed for β-amyloid 1-40. The reproducibility (inter-laboratory) CVs ranged between 2.1 and 6.5%, with the highest variation observed for β-amyloid 1-42. The clinical cutpoints for AD were determined to be 409 ng/L for total tau, 50.2 ng/L for pTau 181, 526 ng/L for β-amyloid 1-42, and 0.072 for the Aβ 1-42/Aβ 1-40 ratio.CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the LUMIPULSE G assays for the CSF AD biomarkers are fit for purpose in clinical laboratory practice. Further, they corroborate earlier presented reference limits for the biomarkers.

DOI10.1515/cclm-2021-0651
Alternate JournalClin Chem Lab Med
PubMed ID34773730