Translating the Habenula-From Rodents to Humans.

TitleTranslating the Habenula-From Rodents to Humans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBoulos L-J, Darcq E, Kieffer BL
JournalBiol Psychiatry
Volume81
Issue4
Pagination296-305
Date Published2017 Feb 15
ISSN1873-2402
Abstract

The habenula (Hb) is a central structure connecting forebrain to midbrain regions. This microstructure regulates monoaminergic systems, notably dopamine and serotonin, and integrates cognitive with emotional and sensory processing. Early preclinical data have described Hb as a brain nucleus activated in anticipation of aversive outcomes. Evidence has now accumulated to show that the Hb encodes both rewarding and aversive aspects of external stimuli, thus driving motivated behaviors and decision making. Human Hb research is still nascent but develops rapidly, alongside with the growth of neuroimaging and deep brain stimulation techniques. Not surprisingly, Hb dysfunction has been associated with psychiatric disorders, and studies in patients have established evidence for Hb involvement in major depression, addiction, and schizophrenia, as well as in pain and analgesia. Here, we summarize current knowledge from animal research and overview the existing human literature on anatomy and function of the Hb. We also discuss challenges and future directions in targeting this small brain structure in both rodents and humans. By combining animal data and human experimental studies, this review addresses the translational potential of preclinical Hb research.

DOI10.1016/j.biopsych.2016.06.003
Alternate JournalBiol. Psychiatry
PubMed ID27527822
PubMed Central IDPMC5143215
Grant ListP50 DA005010 / DA / NIDA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AA016658 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States

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