Subjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated With Altered Default Mode Network Connectivity in Individuals With a Family History of Alzheimer’s Disease

TitleSubjective Cognitive Decline Is Associated With Altered Default Mode Network Connectivity in Individuals With a Family History of Alzheimer’s Disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsVerfaillie SCJ, Binette APichet, Vachon-Presseau E, Tabrizi S, Savard M, Bellec P, Ossenkoppele R, Scheltens P, van der Flier WM, Breitner JCS, Villeneuve S
Date Published2017/12/14/
ISBN Number2451-9022
KeywordsAlzheimer’s disease, Cognition, Default mode network connectivity, Family history of dementia, Resting-state functional MRI, Subjective cognitive decline
Abstract

BackgroundBoth subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and a family history of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) portend risk of brain abnormalities and progression to dementia. Posterior default mode network (pDMN) connectivity is altered early in the course of AD. It is unclear whether SCD predicts similar outcomes in cognitively normal individuals with a family history of AD.MethodsWe studied 124 asymptomatic individuals with a family history of AD (age 64 ± 5 years). Participants were categorized as having SCD if they reported that their memory was becoming worse (SCD+). We used extensive neuropsychological assessment to investigate five different cognitive domain performances at baseline (n = 124) and 1 year later (n = 59). We assessed interconnectivity among three a priori defined ROIs: pDMN, anterior ventral DMN, medial temporal memory system (MTMS), and the connectivity of each with the rest of brain.ResultsSixty-eight (55%) participants reported SCD. Baseline cognitive performance was comparable between groups (all false discovery rate-adjusted p values > .05). At follow-up, immediate and delayed memory improved across groups, but the improvement in immediate memory was reduced in SCD+ compared with SCD− (all false discovery rate–adjusted p values < .05). When compared with SCD−, SCD+ subjects showed increased pDMN–MTMS connectivity (false discovery rate–adjusted p < .05). Higher connectivity between the MTMS and the rest of the brain was associated with better baseline immediate memory, attention, and global cognition, whereas higher MTMS and pDMN–MTMS connectivity were associated with lower immediate memory over time (all false discovery rate–adjusted p values < .05).ConclusionsSCD in cognitively normal individuals is associated with diminished immediate memory practice effects and a brain connectivity pattern that mirrors early AD-related connectivity failure.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2451902217302306
Short TitleBiological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging

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