Selective familiarity deficits in otherwise cognitively intact aging individuals with genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease.
|Title||Selective familiarity deficits in otherwise cognitively intact aging individuals with genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Schoemaker D, Poirier J, Escobar S, Gauthier S, Pruessner J|
|Journal||Alzheimers Dement (Amst)|
INTRODUCTION: Familiarity has been associated with integrity of the rhinal cortex. Thus, impairment in familiarity is expected in very early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is a major risk factor for AD. Here, we investigated the effect of the APOE ε4 status on familiarity in cognitively normal aging individuals.METHODS: Eighty-one individuals aged between 55 and 80 years, 21 carriers and 60 noncarriers, were used in these analyses. A cognitive evaluation was performed on all participants to document the absence of objective cognitive deficits. The effect of APOE ε4 status on familiarity was tested using independent sample t test and an analysis of covariance controlling for age, gender, and education.RESULTS: The groups did not differ in term of age, education, and male/female ratio. APOE ε4 carriers showed a significant reduction in familiarity. No other cognitive deficit was observed in the group of ε4 carriers, relative to noncarriers.DISCUSSION: APOE ε4 is associated with a reduction in familiarity in the absence of other cognitive deficits. These results suggest that performance in familiarity could represent an early cognitive marker for individuals at risk of AD.
|Alternate Journal||Alzheimers Dement (Amst)|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4879663|