6875 Boulevard Lasalle
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
Director, Attention Behaviour and Sleep Laboratory, Douglas Research Centre
Attention, Behaviour, and Sleep
Attention, Behaviour, and Sleep laboratory
A considerable proportion of children and adolescents do not experience adequate sleep. Clinical studies show that poor sleep is implicated in the development and persistence of very prevalent childhood disorders affecting youth health. Dr. Gruber’s work seeks to examine the mechanisms underlying the association between sleep and mental and physical health, and to use the knowledge gained from her research to develop evidence-based interventions to improve youth mental and physical health. Her research focuses on three themes as they relate to pediatric sleep: ADHD, academic performance, and obesity. Additionally, Dr. Gruber translates her research findings into tools for healthcare providers and educators, to promote healthy sleep in children and adolescents by creating evidence-based resources to optimize the care of children with sleep disorders.
1. Sleep and ADHD
The objective of this part of Dr. Gruber’ research program is to characterize the sleep abnormalities of ADHD to explore potential behavioral, circadian, and genetic contributions of such abnormalities and to measure the impact of poor-quality sleep on the daytime functioning of children with ADHD. Using this knowledge, she seeks to develop evidence-based approaches to prevent or treat the daytime problems caused or exacerbated by sleep deprivation in children with ADHD
In terms of knowledge translation, Dr. Gruber has contributed to creating recommendations on clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and evaluation of sleep problems in children with ADHD.
2. Sleep and Academic Performance
The objective of this part of Dr. Gruber’ research program is to is to discover mechanisms underlying the association between sleep and academic performance. Dr. Gruber is investigating the role of sleep in IQ, academic performance and the daily functioning in school of typically developing children.
In terms of knowledge translation, Dr. Gruber and her team have developed the Sleep For Success program. This program is the first school-based intervention that seeks to improve children’s academic performance and overall health by extending their sleep.
3. Sleep and Obesity
The objective of this this this part of Dr. Gruber’ research program is to examine the association between sleep and eating behavior and obesity. Dr. Gruber focuses on investigating psychological moderators of the associations between sleep and eating/obesity, such as self-control.
In terms of knowledge translation, Dr. Gruber has developed Healthy Nights and Healthy Days – a multi-component, school-based intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity that addresses the interplay between sleep and physical activity and sedentary behavior.
Sleep Education and Dissemination of Evidence-Based Practice
Dr. Gruber has developed a comprehensive framework for sleep promotion and prevention programs for psychologists, pediatricians, and schools professionals.
In addition to her two school-based programs, Dr. Gruber has produced the following translational tools:
“Sleep Squad: The Movie” http://www.ces4health.info/find-products/view-product.aspx?code=TW4XNZ6C
“Sleep and School” Brochure. Available here:
Position Statement on Pediatric Sleep. Available here: http://www.cacap-acpea.org/uploads/documents/cacap_sept_2014_pediatric_s...
Sleep and ADHD
1. Santisteban JA*, Stein MA, Bergmame L+, Gruber R**. (2014) Effect of Extended-Release Dexmethylphenidate and Mixed Amphetamine Salts on Sleep: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Crossover Study in Youth with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. CNS Drugs, 28(9), 825-833.
2. Gruber R, Fontil L, Bergmame L, Wiebe S, Amsel R, Frenette S, & Carrier J (2012). Contributions of circadian tendencies and behavioural problems to sleep onset problems of children with ADHD. BMC Psychiatry, 12, 212.
3. Gruber, R**., *Tong, E., Frenette S., Robert, M., Vannasinh, P., & Carrier J. (2009). Sleep disturbances in prepubertal children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A home polysomnography study. Sleep, 32, 343-350
4. Gruber R, Sadeh A, & Raviv A (2000). Instability of sleep patterns in children with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 495-501.
Sleep and Academic performance and daytime functioning
1. Gruber R**., Somerville G., Enros P., Paquin S+., Kestler M., Gillies-Poitras E. (2014). Sleep Efficiency (but not sleep duration) of Healthy School-Age Children Is Associated With Grades In Math and Languages. Sleep Medicine, 15, 1517-1525.
2. Gruber, R**., Wise, M., Frenette, S., Knauper, B., +Boom, A., +Fontil, L., Carrier, J. (2013). The Association Between Sleep Spindles and IQ in Healthy School-Age Children. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 89(2), 229-240.
3. Gruber R ** & Cassoff J*. (2014). The Interplay Between Sleep And Emotion Regulation: Conceptual Framework, Empirical Evidence And Future Directions. Current Psychiatry Reports, 16(11), 500.
4. Gruber, R**., *Cassoff, J., Frenette, S., *Wiebe, S., & Carrier, J. (2012). The impact of sleep extension and restriction on children’s emotional lability and impulsivity. Pediatrics, 130, e1155-e1161.
Sleep and obesity
1. Burt J, Dube L, Thibault L, Gruber R (2014). Sleep and eating in childhood: A potential behavioral mechanism underlying the relationship between poor sleep and obesity. Sleep Medicine, 15, 71-75.
2. Gruber R, Somerville G (2015) Preliminary results from a multicomponent school-based program. Sleep, 38A, 393.
3. Gruber R, Somerville G (2015). The association between sleep hygiene and body mass index (BMI) in typically developing children. Sleep, 38A, 392-393.
Dissemination and knowledge translation products
1. Gruber, R**., Weiss, S., Frappier, J.-Y., Rourke, L., Brouillette, R., Carrey, N., Wise, M. S. (2014). Position statement on pediatric sleep for psychiatrists. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 23(3), 174-195.
2. Gruber R, Cassoff J, & Knauper B (2011). Sleep health education in pediatric community settings: rationale and practical suggestions for incorporating healthy sleep education in pediatric practice. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 58, 735-754.
3. Gruber R, Stadnyk J, Kestler M, Angelus D, Bergmame L, Enros P, Fontil L, Gillies-Poitras E, Monette C, & Somerville G (2012). Sleep Squad: The Movie. CES4Health.info, 2012.
Complete list of publications: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/myncbi/reut.gruber.1/bibliography/4749....
Reut Gruber, PhD, is a clinical child psychologist and pediatric sleep expert. Her research at the Attention, Behaviour and Sleep Laboratory is focused on investigating the association between sleep and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), academic performance, and obesity. Dr. Gruber seeks to use the knowledge gained from her research to create evidence-based tools for pediatricians, psychologists, and schools to promote children's sleep health. She has also created the first school-based programs aimed at improving children's physical and mental health and academic performance by extending their sleep.
Dr. Gruber is actively involved in the supervision of undergraduate and graduate students at McGill University interested in conducting research in the field of pediatric sleep.
Dr. Gruber’s research is funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), American Academy of Sleep Medicine Foundation, and Fonds de Recherche en Santé du Québec (FRSQ). She is also the recipient of several FRSQ and CIHR career awards.
Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ) Career Award (Senior), 2014-2017
Canadian Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contributions to Public or Community Service, Canada, 2012
Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ) Career Award (Junior 2), 2012-2014
Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) New Investigator Award, Career Award, 2007-2012
Soukaina Paquin, BSc
Jessica Safarian, MA
Chloe Lappin, BSc
In the news
Determinants of sleep behavior in adolescents: A pilot study. Sleep Health. 2017;3(3):157-162.
Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth: An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(6 Suppl 3):S311-27.
Systematic review of the relationships between sleep duration and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(6 Suppl 3):S266-82.
School-based sleep education program improves sleep and academic performance of school-age children. Sleep Med. 2016;21:93-100.
Sleep Spindle Characteristics in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Their Relation to Cognition. Neural Plast. 2016;2016:4724792.
Establishment and consolidation of the sleep-wake cycle as a function of attachment pattern. Attach Hum Dev. 2015;17(1):23-42.
Sleep efficiency (but not sleep duration) of healthy school-age children is associated with grades in math and languages. Sleep Med. 2014;15(12):1517-25.
What Motivational and Awareness Variables are Associated with Adolescents’ Intentions to Go to Bed Earlier? Current PsychologyCurrent Psychology. 2014;33:113-129.
Position statement on pediatric sleep for psychiatrists. J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014;23(3):174-95.
The interplay between sleep and emotion regulation: conceptual framework empirical evidence and future directions. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2014;16(11):500.
ADHD, anxiety and sleep: a window to understanding the interplay between sleep, emotional regulation and attention in children? Behav Sleep Med. 2014;12(1):84-7.