A quadratic function of activation in individuals at risk of Alzheimer's disease.

TitleA quadratic function of activation in individuals at risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsCorriveau-Lecavalier N, Duchesne S, Gauthier S, Hudon C, Kergoat M-J, Mellah S, Belleville S
Corporate AuthorsConsortium for the Early Identification of Alzheimer's Disease‐Quebec(CIMA‐Q)
JournalAlzheimers Dement (Amst)
Volume12
Issue1
Paginatione12139
Date Published2020
ISSN2352-8729
Abstract

Introduction: Brain activation is hypothesized to form an inverse U-shape in prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD), with hyperactivation in the early phase, followed by hypoactivation.Methods: Using task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we tested the inverse U-shape hypothesis with polynomial regressions and between-group comparisons in individuals with subjective cognitive decline plus (SCD; smaller hippocampal volumes compared to a group of healthy controls without SCD and/or apolipoprotein E [] ε4 allele) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Results: A quadratic function modeled the relationship between proxies of disease severity (neurodegeneration, memory performance) and left superior parietal activation. Linear negative functions modeled the relationship between neurodegeneration and left hippocampal/right inferior temporal activation. Group comparison indicated presence of hyperactivation in SCD and hypoactivation in MCI in the left superior parietal lobule, relative to healthy controls.Discussion: These findings support the presence of an inverse U-shape model of activation and suggest that hyperactivation might represent a biomarker of the early AD stages.

DOI10.1002/dad2.12139
Alternate JournalAlzheimers Dement (Amst)
PubMed ID33521234
PubMed Central IDPMC7817778