Prospective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life.

TitleProspective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsQuah PLing, Chan YHuak, Aris IM, Pang WWei, Toh JYing, Tint MThway, Broekman BFP, Saw SMei, Kwek K, Godfrey KM, Gluckman PD, Chong YSeng, Meaney MJ, Yap FKP, van Dam RM, Lee YSeng, Chong MFF
Corporate Authorsgroup Gstudy
JournalBMC Pediatr
Volume15
Pagination153
Date Published2015 Oct 12
ISSN1471-2431
KeywordsBody Mass Index, Child Behavior, Child, Preschool, Eating, Feeding Behavior, Female, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Obesity, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Singapore, Weight Gain
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Appetitive traits in childhood such as food responsiveness and enjoyment of food have been associated with body mass index (BMI) in later childhood. However, data on appetitive traits during infancy in relation to BMI in later childhood are sparse. We aimed to relate appetitive traits in infancy to subsequent BMI and weight gain up to 24 months of age.METHODS: Data of 210 infants from the Singapore GUSTO mother-offspring cohort was obtained. The Baby Eating Behavior Questionnaire (BEBQ) and the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) were administered to mothers when their offspring were aged 3 and 12 months respectively. Height and weight of offspring were measured at ages 3, 6, 9,12,15,18 and 24 months. The association of appetitive traits with both BMI z-score and weight gain were evaluated using multivariate linear regression.RESULTS: Food responsiveness at 3 months was associated with higher BMI from 6 months up to 15 months of age (p < 0.01) and with greater weight gain between 3 and 6 months of age (p = 0.012). Slowness in eating and satiety responsiveness at 3 months was significantly associated with lower BMI at 6 months (p < 0.01) and with less weight gain between 3 to 6 months of age (p = 0.034). None of the appetitive traits at 12 months were significantly associated with BMI or weight gain over any time period.CONCLUSION: Early assessment of appetitive traits at 3 months of age but not at 12 months of age was associated with BMI and weight gain over the first two years of life.TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials identifier NCT01174875.

DOI10.1186/s12887-015-0467-8
Alternate JournalBMC Pediatr
PubMed ID26459321
PubMed Central IDPMC4603814
Grant ListMC_UP_A620_1017 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_UU_12011/4 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom