Predictors of Recurrent High Emergency Department Use among Patients with Mental Disorders.

TitlePredictors of Recurrent High Emergency Department Use among Patients with Mental Disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsGentil L, Grenier G, Vasiliadis H-M, Huỳnh C, MJ Fleury
JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
Volume18
Issue9
Date Published2021 04 25
ISSN1660-4601
KeywordsCanada, Emergency Service, Hospital, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Mental Disorders, Quebec
Abstract

Few studies have examined predictors of recurrent high ED use. This study assessed predictors of recurrent high ED use over two and three consecutive years, compared with high one-year ED use. This five-year longitudinal study is based on a cohort of 3121 patients who visited one of six Quebec (Canada) ED at least three times in 2014-2015. Multinomial logistic regression was performed. Clinical, sociodemographic and service use variables were identified based on data extracted from health administrative databases for 2012-2013 to 2014-2015. Of the 3121 high ED users, 15% ( = 468) were recurrent high ED users for a two-year period and 12% ( = 364) over three years. Patients with three consecutive years of high ED use had more personality disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol or drug related disorders, chronic physical illnesses, suicidal behaviors and violence or social issues. More resided in areas with high social deprivation, consulted frequently with psychiatrists, had more interventions in local community health service centers, more prior hospitalizations and lower continuity of medical care. Three consecutive years of high ED use may be a benchmark for identifying high users needing better ambulatory care. As most have multiple and complex health problems, higher continuity and adequacy of medical care should be prioritized.

DOI10.3390/ijerph18094559
Alternate JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
PubMed ID33923112
PubMed Central IDPMC8123505
Grant List8400997 / / CIHR / Canada