Predictors of Number of Healthcare Professionals Consulted by Individuals with Mental Disorders or High Psychological Distress.

TitlePredictors of Number of Healthcare Professionals Consulted by Individuals with Mental Disorders or High Psychological Distress.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSimo B, Caron J, Bamvita J-M, Grenier G, Fleury M-J
JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
Volume16
Issue17
Date Published2019 Aug 21
ISSN1660-4601
Abstract

This study assesses the contribution of predisposing, enabling, and needs factors and related variables that predicted the number of healthcare professionals consulted for mental health reasons among 746 individuals with mental disorders and high psychological distress. The data were drawn from the third (T3) and fourth data collection periods (T4) of a longitudinal study conducted in a Quebec/Canada epidemiological catchment area. Hierarchical linear regression was performed on the number of types of healthcare professionals consulted in the 12 months prior to T4. Predictors were identified at T3, classified as predisposing, enabling, and needs factors (i.e., clinical and related variables) according to the Andersen Behavioral Model. Three needs factors were associated with the number of types of healthcare professionals consulted: Post-traumatic stress disorder, stressful events, and marginally suicide ideation. Three enabling factors: Having a family physician, previous use of mental health services, and employment status were also related to the dependent variable. Poor self-perception of mental health status was the only predisposing factor retained. While needs factors were the main predictors of the number of types of healthcare professionals consulted, enabling factors may reduce the influence of needs factors, by the deployment of various strategies that facilitate continuous and appropriate care.

DOI10.3390/ijerph16173010
Alternate JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
PubMed ID31438478
Grant ListCTP-79839 / / Canadian HIV Trials Network, Canadian Institutes of Health Research /

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