Predictors of Dissociative Experiences Among Adolescents in Nepal: A Path Analysis.

TitlePredictors of Dissociative Experiences Among Adolescents in Nepal: A Path Analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSapkota RP, Brunet A, Kirmayer LJ
JournalJ Nerv Ment Dis
Date Published2019 Sep 10
ISSN1539-736X
Abstract

In recent years, many adolescents in Nepal have been affected by episodes of mass psychogenic illness, which seem to involve dissociative symptoms. To identify the potential contributors to dissociation, the present study examined correlates of dissociative experiences among adolescents in Nepal. In a cross-sectional survey, 314 adolescents were assessed with the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale and measures of childhood trauma exposure, as well as cognitive and personality traits found to be associated with dissociation in studies on other populations. Path analysis confirmed that childhood trauma, cognitive and personality traits, and current distress each predicted dissociative experiences and behaviors. However, an integrated path model found that the effect of childhood trauma on dissociation was mediated either by posttraumatic stress symptoms or by cognitive failures. Future studies should develop and test multifactorial models of dissociation and multiple pathways.

DOI10.1097/NMD.0000000000001057
Alternate JournalJ. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
PubMed ID31517714

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