Postsecondary academic achievement and first-episode psychosis: A mixed-methods study.

TitlePostsecondary academic achievement and first-episode psychosis: A mixed-methods study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRoy L, Rousseau J, Fortier P, Mottard J-P
JournalCan J Occup Ther
Volume83
Issue1
Pagination42-52
Date Published2016 Feb
ISSN0008-4174
KeywordsAchievement, Adolescent, Adult, Case-Control Studies, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Male, Personal Satisfaction, Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Psychotic Disorders, Qualitative Research, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Postsecondary academic achievement as an area of functional recovery for young adults living with mental illness has received little research attention.PURPOSE: This study had three purposes: to compare rates of participation, performance, and satisfaction in postsecondary education between young adults with first-episode psychosis and closely matched young adults; to identify characteristics associated with academic participation; and to explore the processes associated with educational experiences.METHOD: One hundred young adults ages 18 to 30 participated in the study. Quantitative data on academic engagement, performance, and satisfaction, and qualitative data (n = 52) on academic experiences were integrated through pattern analyzes.FINDINGS: Young adults with psychosis were significantly less likely to be engaged in postsecondary education. No difference appeared for the extent of engagement, but performance and satisfaction were lower among participants with psychosis. Participants engaged in reflexive decision making to access postsecondary education and to maintain adequate academic performance. Strategies used by successful students with mental illness were identified.IMPLICATIONS: Assessment and intervention focused on educational needs and skills should become landmark practices for psychiatric rehabilitation practitioners, including occupational therapists.

DOI10.1177/0008417415575143
Alternate JournalCan J Occup Ther
PubMed ID26755044