Poor infant inhibitory control predicts food fussiness in childhood - A possible protective role of n-3 PUFAs for vulnerable children.

TitlePoor infant inhibitory control predicts food fussiness in childhood - A possible protective role of n-3 PUFAs for vulnerable children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsReis RSena, Bernardi JRombaldi, Steiner M, Meaney MJ, Levitan RD, Silveira PPelufo
Corporate AuthorsMAVAN Study Team
JournalProstaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids
Volume97
Pagination21-5
Date Published2015 Jun
ISSN1532-2823
Abstract

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) children are more impulsive towards a sweet reward and have altered feeding behavior in adulthood. We hypothesized that early life inhibitory control predicts feeding behaviors later on in childhood, and the consumption of n-3 PUFAs during infancy may protect IUGR children from developing problematic feeding behaviors. 156 children had information on the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) at 18 months, Food Frequency Questionnaire at 48 months and Children׳s Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) at 72 months. There was a significant negative correlation between inhibitory control at 18 months and food fussiness at 72 months. A GLM model predicting food fussiness at 72 months showed significant interaction between n-3 PUFAs, inhibitory control and IUGR, with higher intakes associated with decreased risk for fussiness in IUGR children with poor inhibitory control. Deficits in early inhibitory control predict later food fussiness, and higher intakes of n-3 PUFAs in infancy may protect IUGR children from developing such behavior later.

DOI10.1016/j.plefa.2015.03.004
Alternate JournalProstaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids
PubMed ID25892188
Grant List / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada

  • Douglas Hospital
  • Dobell Pavillion
  • Brain imaging centre