Participation in leisure activities in adolescents with congenital heart defects

TitleParticipation in leisure activities in adolescents with congenital heart defects
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMajnemer A, Rohlicek C, Dahan-Oliel N, Sahakian S, Mazer B, Maltais DB, Schmitz N
JournalDevelopmental Medicine & Child NeurologyDevelopmental Medicine & Child NeurologyDev Med Child Neurol
Date Published2019/12/03
ISBN Number0012-1622

Aim To describe leisure participation in adolescents with congenital heart defects (CHD) and identify factors associated with intensity of participation. Method Eighty adolescents with CHD were recruited (39 males, 41 females; mean age [SD] 15y 8mo [1y 8mo] range 11y 5mo?19y 11mo) of whom 78 completed the Children?s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) outcome measure of leisure participation. The measure has five subscales: recreational, active-physical, social, skill-based, and self-improvement. Associations between the CAPE and age, sex, and development were examined. Motor ability (Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition), cognition (Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised), behavior (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), and motivation (Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire) were assessed. Results Participants exhibited impaired motor (43.5%), behavioral (23.7%), and cognitive (29.9%) development. The most intense participation was in social (mean [SD] 3.3 [0.99]) and recreational (2.9 [0.80]) activity types on the CAPE. Male sex (p<0.05) and younger age were associated with greater physical activity (<15y: 1.87; ≥15y: 1.31, p<0.05). Greater engagement in social activities was related to better cognition (r=0.28, p<0.05), higher motor function (r=0.30?0.36, p<0.01), and fewer behavioral difficulties (r=?0.32 to ?0.47, p<0.01). Cognitive ability (r=0.27, p<0.05), dexterity and aiming/catching (r=0.27?0.33, p<0.05), and behavior problems (r=0.38?0.49, p=0.001) were correlated with physical activity participation. Persistence in tasks, an aspect of motivation, correlated with physical (r=0.45, p<0.001) and social activity involvement (r=0.28, p<0.05). Interpretation Ongoing developmental impairments in adolescents with CHD are associated with decreased active-physical and social engagement, putting them at risk of poor physical and mental health. Health promotion strategies should be considered.

Short TitleDevelopmental Medicine & Child Neurology