Opioid receptors: drivers to addiction?

TitleOpioid receptors: drivers to addiction?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDarcq E, Kieffer BL
JournalNat Rev Neurosci
Volume19
Issue8
Pagination499-514
Date Published2018 Aug
ISSN1471-0048
Abstract

Drug addiction is a worldwide societal problem and public health burden, and results from recreational drug use that develops into a complex brain disorder. The opioid system, one of the first discovered neuropeptide systems in the history of neuroscience, is central to addiction. Recently, opioid receptors have been propelled back on stage by the rising opioid epidemics, revolutions in G protein-coupled receptor research and fascinating developments in basic neuroscience. This Review discusses rapidly advancing research into the role of opioid receptors in addiction, and addresses the key questions of whether we can kill pain without addiction using mu-opioid-receptor-targeting opiates, how mu- and kappa-opioid receptors operate within the neurocircuitry of addiction and whether we can bridge human and animal opioid research in the field of drug abuse.

DOI10.1038/s41583-018-0028-x
Alternate JournalNat. Rev. Neurosci.
PubMed ID29934561