Mental Health Services Research Targeting the Clinical High-Risk State for Psychosis: Lessons, Future Directions and Integration with Patient Perspectives.

TitleMental Health Services Research Targeting the Clinical High-Risk State for Psychosis: Lessons, Future Directions and Integration with Patient Perspectives.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsMcIlwaine SV, Shah JL
JournalCurr Psychiatry Rep
Volume23
Issue3
Pagination11
Date Published2021 02 03
ISSN1535-1645
KeywordsAdolescent, Australia, Europe, Health Services Research, Humans, North America, Psychotic Disorders
Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize the history of the clinical high-risk stage of psychosis (CHR), current research on this stage and recent critiques of the field, and evaluate current CHR guidelines and frameworks.RECENT FINDINGS: Following its identification and characterization, CHR services have successfully been developed in North America, Europe, Australia and elsewhere. As reflected in guidelines, these services and their orientation largely emerged as an outgrowth of the framework pioneered by early intervention services for first-episode psychosis. We critically discuss what is known so far about the subjective experience of the CHR syndrome, the meaning of this "unofficial" diagnosis as well as what is known and unknown about the service-related needs. While a range of outstanding questions remain in the field, there is a particular need for patient-oriented work and to investigate the service-related needs of young people at CHR.

DOI10.1007/s11920-021-01224-0
Alternate JournalCurr Psychiatry Rep
PubMed ID33533984