The mental health impacts of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis: A meta-analysis.

TitleThe mental health impacts of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis: A meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsFortin J, Leblanc M, Elgbeili G, Cordova MJ, Marin M-F, Brunet A
JournalBr J Cancer
Volume125
Issue11
Pagination1582-1592
Date Published2021 11
ISSN1532-1827
KeywordsBreast Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Mental Health
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Receiving a breast cancer diagnosis can be a turning point with negative impacts on mental health, treatment and prognosis. This meta-analysis sought to determine the nature and prevalence of clinically significant psychological distress-related symptoms in the wake of a breast cancer diagnosis.METHODS: Ten databases were searched between March and August 2020. Thirty-nine quantitative studies were meta-analysed.RESULTS: The prevalence of clinically significant symptoms was 39% for non-specific distress (n = 13), 34% for anxiety (n = 19), 31% for post-traumatic stress (n = 7) and 20% for depression (n = 25). No studies reporting breast cancer patients' well-being in our specific time frame were found.CONCLUSION: Mental health can be impacted in at least four domains following a diagnosis of breast cancer and such effects are commonplace. This study outlines a clear need for mitigating the impacts on mental health brought about by breast cancer diagnosis. CRD42020203990.

DOI10.1038/s41416-021-01542-3
Alternate JournalBr J Cancer
PubMed ID34482373
PubMed Central IDPMC8608836