Mental health comorbidities following peer victimization across childhood and adolescence: a 20-year longitudinal study.

TitleMental health comorbidities following peer victimization across childhood and adolescence: a 20-year longitudinal study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsOncioiu SI, Boivin M, Geoffroy M-C, Arseneault L, Galera C, Navarro MC, Brendgen M, Vitaro F, Tremblay RE, Côté SM, Orri M
JournalPsychol Med
Pagination1-13
Date Published2021 Oct 25
ISSN1469-8978
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Peer victimization is associated with a wide range of mental health problems in youth, yet few studies described its association with mental health comorbidities.METHODS: To test the association between peer victimization timing and intensity and mental health comorbidities, we used data from 1216 participants drawn from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a population-based birth cohort. Peer victimization was self-reported at ages 6-17 years, and modeled as four trajectory groups: low, childhood-limited, moderate adolescence-emerging, and high-chronic. The outcomes were the number and the type of co-occurring self-reported mental health problems at age 20 years. Associations were estimated using negative binomial and multinomial logistic regression models and adjusted for parent, family, and child characteristics using propensity score inverse probability weights.RESULTS: Youth in all peer victimization groups had higher rates of co-occurring mental health problems and higher likelihood of comorbid internalizing-externalizing problems [odds ratios ranged from 2.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52-2.79 for childhood-limited to 4.34, 95% CI 3.15-5.98 for high-chronic victimization] compared to those in the low victimization group. The strength of these associations was highest for the high-chronic group, followed by moderate adolescence-emerging and childhood-limited groups. All groups also presented higher likelihood of internalizing-only problems relative to the low peer victimization group.CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of timing and intensity, self-reported peer victimization was associated with mental health comorbidities in young adulthood, with the strongest associations observed for high-chronic peer victimization. Tackling peer victimization, especially when persistent over time, could play a role in reducing severe and complex mental health problems in youth.

DOI10.1017/S0033291721003822
Alternate JournalPsychol Med
PubMed ID34689845