Levels of glutamatergic neurometabolites in patients with severe treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.

TitleLevels of glutamatergic neurometabolites in patients with severe treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTarumi R, Tsugawa S, Noda Y, Plitman E, Honda S, Matsushita K, Chavez S, Sawada K, Wada M, Matsui M, Fujii S, Miyazaki T, M Chakravarty M, Uchida H, Remington G, Graff-Guerrero A, Mimura M, Nakajima S
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Date Published2019 Dec 16
ISSN1740-634X
Abstract

Approximately 30% of patients with schizophrenia do not respond to antipsychotics and are thus considered to have treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). To date, only four studies have examined glutamatergic neurometabolite levels using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS) in patients with TRS, collectively suggesting that glutamatergic dysfunction may be implicated in the pathophysiology of TRS. Notably, the TRS patient population in these studies had mild-to-moderate illness severity, which is not entirely reflective of what is observed in clinical practice. In this present work, we compared glutamate + glutamine (Glx) levels in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and caudate among patients with TRS, patients with non-TRS, and healthy controls (HCs), using 3T H-MRS (PRESS, TE = 35 ms). TRS criteria were defined by severe positive symptoms (i.e., ≥5 on 2 Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)-positive symptom items or ≥4 on 3 PANSS-positive symptom items), despite standard antipsychotic treatment. A total of 95 participants were included (29 TRS patients [PANSS = 111.2 ± 20.4], 33 non-TRS patients [PANSS = 49.8 ± 13.7], and 33 HCs). dACC Glx levels were higher in the TRS group vs. HCs (group effect: F[2,75] = 4.74, p = 0.011; TRS vs. HCs: p = 0.012). No group differences were identified in the caudate. There were no associations between Glx levels and clinical severity in either patient group. Our results are suggestive of greater heterogeneity in TRS relative to non-TRS with respect to dACC Glx levels, necessitating further research to determine biological subtypes of TRS.

DOI10.1038/s41386-019-0589-z
Alternate JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
PubMed ID31842203
Grant List16H06253 / / MEXT | Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) /
18H02755 / / MEXT | Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) /