Heightened Responses of the Parahippocampal and Retrosplenial Cortices during Contextualized Recognition of Congruent Objects.

TitleHeightened Responses of the Parahippocampal and Retrosplenial Cortices during Contextualized Recognition of Congruent Objects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCrafa D, Hawco C, Brodeur MB
JournalFront Behav Neurosci
Volume11
Pagination232
Date Published2017
ISSN1662-5153
Abstract

Context sometimes helps make objects more recognizable. Previous studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have examined regional neural activity when objects have strong or weak associations with their contexts. Such studies have demonstrated that activity in the parahippocampal cortex (PHC) generally corresponds with strong associations between objects and their spatial contexts while retrosplenial cortex (RSC) activity is linked with episodic memory. However these studies investigated objects viewed in associated contexts, but the direct influence of scene on the perception of visual objects has not been widely investigated. We hypothesized that the PHC and RSC may only be engaged for congruent contexts in which the object could typically be found but not for neutral contexts. While in an fMRI scanner, 15 participants rated the recognizability of 152 photographic images of objects, presented within congruent and incongruent contexts. Regions of interest were created to examine PHC and RSC activity using a hypothesis-driven approach. Exploratory analyses were also performed to identify other regional activity. In line with previous studies, PHC and RSC activity emerged when objects were viewed in congruent contexts. Activity in the RSC, inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and fusiform gyrus also emerged. These findings indicate that different brain regions are employed when objects are meaningfully contextualized.

DOI10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00232
Alternate JournalFront Behav Neurosci
PubMed ID29311862
PubMed Central IDPMC5735118

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