Glucocorticoid regulates TrkB protein levels via c-Cbl dependent ubiquitination: a decrease in c-Cbl mRNA in the prefrontal cortex of suicide subjects.

TitleGlucocorticoid regulates TrkB protein levels via c-Cbl dependent ubiquitination: a decrease in c-Cbl mRNA in the prefrontal cortex of suicide subjects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPandya C, Kutiyanawalla A, Turecki G, Pillai A
Date Published2014 Jul
KeywordsAdult, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Autopsy, Corticosterone, Embryo, Mammalian, Glucocorticoids, Humans, Male, Mice, Middle Aged, Prefrontal Cortex, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl, Receptor, trkB, RNA, Messenger, Suicide, Ubiquitination, Young Adult

Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling through its receptor TrkB plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and plasticity. Stress and glucocorticoids have been shown to alter TrkB signaling in neurons, and defects in TrkB expression have been reported in the prefrontal cortex of suicide subjects. Glucocorticoid treatment has been shown to induce deleterious effects on the neuronal maturation. However, the mechanisms involved in the regulation of TrkB by glucocorticoid during neurodevelopment are not clear. Here we show that acute corticosterone exposure induced posttranslational upregulation of TrkB in primary cortical neurons (days in vitro 4, DIV4), which was blocked by the proteasome inhibitors. Acute corticosterone-induced increase in TrkB protein levels was dependent on glucocorticoid receptor (GR). At the cellular level, ubiquitin E3 ligase c-Cbl mediates TrkB stabilization and corticosterone-induced TrkB levels. Moreover, the tyrosine kinase binding domain in c-Cbl plays a critical role in corticosterone-induced TrkB levels. Chronic treatment of neurons with corticosterone induced significant decreases in both TrkB and c-Cbl protein levels. Acute corticosterone treatment failed to induce any significant change in TrkB and c-Cbl protein levels in mature neurons (DIV 12), where as chronic corticosterone exposure reduced TrkB levels. Under an in vivo condition, chronic corticosterone exposure induced down-regulation of c-Cbl in mouse frontal cortex and hippocampus. Importantly, we demonstrate for the first time a significant decrease in c-Cbl mRNA levels in the prefrontal cortex of suicide subjects indicating the possible role of c-Cbl in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior. Thus, ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated TrkB regulation may be an important mechanism for improving BDNF signaling and maintaining neuroplasticity in stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders.

Alternate JournalPsychoneuroendocrinology
PubMed ID24845182
PubMed Central IDPMC4112477
Grant ListMH087857 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
R21 MH087857 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States