Typology of individuals with substance dependence based on a Montreal longitudinal catchment area study.

TitleTypology of individuals with substance dependence based on a Montreal longitudinal catchment area study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMJ Fleury, Grenier G., JM Bamvita, Perreault M, Caron J.
JournalAdm Policy Ment Health
Volume42
Issue4
Pagination405-19
Date Published2015 Jul
ISSN1573-3289
Abstract

This study sought to develop a typology of individuals with substance dependence (ISD) based on a longitudinal survey (n = 2,434) and 121 ISD. The latter were divided into three groups: newly abstinent individuals, chronic dependents and acute dependents. Individuals' typology was developed by cluster analysis. Newly abstinent individuals had fewer emotional problems and mental disorders in the previous 12 months. Four classes of ISD were identified, labelled respectively "chronic multi-substance consumption and mental disorders comorbidities," "multi-substance consumption," "alcohol and marijuana consumption" and "alcohol consumption only." Strategies adapted to each of these profiles could be promoted for more effective treatment.

DOI10.1007/s10488-014-0581-1
Alternate JournalAdm Policy Ment Health
PubMed ID25124748
Grant ListCTP-79839 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada