Trauma exposure and PTSD prevalence among Yazidi, Christian and Muslim asylum seekers and refugees displaced to Iraqi Kurdistan.

TitleTrauma exposure and PTSD prevalence among Yazidi, Christian and Muslim asylum seekers and refugees displaced to Iraqi Kurdistan.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsRicha S, Herdane M, Dwaf A, Khalil RBou, Haddad F, Khoury REl, Zarzour M, Kassab A, Dagher R, El-Hage W
JournalPLoS One
Volume15
Issue6
Paginatione0233681
Date Published2020
ISSN1932-6203
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Christianity, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression, Female, Humans, Indigenous Peoples, Iraq, Islam, Male, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Refugees, Self Report, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is unreliable, and negligible information on the mental health and trauma-exposure of asylum-seekers and displaced refugees in the Iraqi Kurdistan region.OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how responsible the ethno-religious origins are, for the prevalence of trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in displaced Iraqi asylum-seekers and refugees residing in the Iraqi Kurdistan region.METHODS: Structured interviews with a cross-sectional sample of 150 individuals, comprised of three self-identified ethno-religious groups (50 participants in each): Christians, Muslims, and Yazidis.RESULTS: 100% prevalence of trauma exposure and 48.7% of current PTSD among refugees, 70% PTSD rate of Yazidi participants, which is significantly higher (p < 0.01) compared to 44% of Muslim participants and 32% of Christian participants. These findings were corroborated using the self-rated PTSD, DSM-5 Checklist, with more severe PTSD symptom scores (p < 0.001) obtained among Yazidis (43.1; 19.7), compared to Muslims (31.3; 20.1) and Christians (29.3; 17.8). Self-rated depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9) were also higher (p < 0.007) among Yazidis (12.3; 8.2) and Muslims (11.7; 5.9), compared to Christians (8.1; 7).

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0233681
Alternate JournalPLoS One
PubMed ID32579560
PubMed Central IDPMC7313973