Trajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes: Associations with depressive symptoms and functional disability.

TitleTrajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes: Associations with depressive symptoms and functional disability.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLevy M, Deschênes SS, Burns RJ, Elgendy R, Schmitz N
JournalInt J Geriatr Psychiatry
Date Published2018 Nov 27
ISSN1099-1166
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about temporal trajectories of social support in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and how they are associated with diabetes-related outcomes. This study identified and explored different trajectories of social support in a community sample of adults with T2D, as well as the extent to which different trajectories were prospectively associated with depressive symptoms and functional disability.METHODS: Data came from five annual waves of the Evaluation of Diabetes Treatment study (N = 1077). Social support, depressive symptoms, and functional disability were assessed via self-report. Separate analyses were conducted to examine the associations between social support trajectories, depressive symptoms, and functional disability, adjusting for demographic characteristics, diabetes-related covariates, and baseline depressive symptoms and functional disability.RESULTS: Latent class growth modeling identified four distinct social support trajectories. Trajectory Groups 1 and 2 comprised participants with persistently low and persistently moderate-low social support, respectively. Trajectory Groups 3 and 4 included participants with persistently moderate-high and persistently high social support, respectively. People with persistently low social support reported higher functional disability relative to those with persistently moderate-high and persistently high social support.CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study indicate that temporal patterns of social support are a predictor of future functional disability among adults with T2D.

DOI10.1002/gps.5042
Alternate JournalInt J Geriatr Psychiatry
PubMed ID30480332
Grant ListMOP-106514 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada
CIHR; MOP-106514 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada

  • Douglas Hospital
  • Dobell Pavillion
  • Brain imaging centre