Thomas Brown

Thomas Brown
 

Bureau: 
E-4116, Pavillon Perry

6875 Boulevard Lasalle
Montréal, QC
H4H 1R3


(514) 761-6131

Fax: 
(514) 761-3033


Champs de recherche: 
Recherche clinique et humaine
Recherche psychosociale et des populations

Thème de recherche: 
Santé mentale et société


Directeur et Chercheur, Programme de recherche sur les addictions

Professeur adjoint, Département de Psychiatrie, Université McGill



Recherche sur les addictions


L’alcoolisme et la toxicomanie peuvent affecter profondément le bien-être physique, social, professionnel et financier individuel. Ils grèvent lourdement la santé et le bien-être des Canadiens. Aussi la découverte d’interventions efficaces contre l’usage abusif d’alcool et de drogues demeure un défi colossal et la poursuite de la recherche dans ce domaine est cruciale.

Dr. Brown et son équipe d’étudiants et de collaborateurs se consacrent à la mise au point d’interventions psychosociales visant à lutter contre l’alcoolisme et la toxicomanie. Ils cherchent aussi à identifier des caractéristiques individuelles de la vulnérabilité, en vue de fournir les interventions les plus adaptées de manière optimale. En outre, les travaux du chercheur s’attachent à la prévention des conduites à risque et des accidents reliés à la consommation abusive de l’alcool et des drogues.

Dr. Brown dirige depuis 2009 une équipe de recherche transdisciplinaire des Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada sur la conduite avec facultés affaiblies : début, persistance, traitement et prévention. Cette équipe internationale, composée de chercheurs multidisciplinaires, de policiers de la route, d’administrateurs du programme des permis de conduire et de stagiaires de recherche effectue des études sur les facteurs humains en jeu dans les accidents de la route. Pour attaquer ce problème complexe de santé publique mondiale, on réalise des analyses à divers niveaux, notamment de simulation de réalité virtuelle, d’ingénierie, de neurobiologie, de psychologie, de politique et de droit.

À titre de psychologue clinicien confirmé, Dr. Brown est aussi chef de la recherche au Pavillon Foster, Centre de réadaptation en dépendances, grand établissement public de soins desservant la collectivité anglophone du Québec.


Brown, T.G., Seraganian, P., Tremblay, J. & Annis, H. (2002). Matching Substance Abuse Aftercare Treatments to Client Characteristics. Addictive Behaviors, 27(4) 585-604.
Brown, T.G., Seraganian, P., Tremblay, J. & Annis, H. (2002). Process and Outcome Changes with Relapse Prevention Versus 12-Step Aftercare Programs for Substance Abusers. Addiction, 97 (6), 677-690.
Gianoulakis, G., Xing Dai, J. & Brown, T.G. (2003). Effect of chronic alcohol consumption on the activity of the HPA-axis and pituitary b-endorphin as a function of alcohol intake, age and gender. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(3), 410-423.
Brown, T.G., Gianoulakis, C., Tremblay, J., Dongier, M., Ng Ying Kin, N.M.K, Seraganian, P. & Ouimet, M.C. (2005). Salivary cortisol: a predictor of convictions for driving under the influence of alcohol? Alcohol and Alcoholism, 40(5), 474-481.
Chanut, F., Brown, T.G. & Dongier, M. (2005). Motivational interviewing and clinical psychiatry. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 50, 548-555.
Gianoulakis, G., Xing Dai, Thavundayil, J., & Brown, T.G. (2005). Levels and Circadian Rhythmicity of Plasma ACTH, Cortisol and [beta]-Endorphin as a Function of Family History of Alcoholism and Meals. Psychopharmacology, 181, 437-444.
Ouimet M.C., Brown T.G., Nadeau L., Lepage M., Pelletier M., Couture S., Tremblay J., Legault L., Dongier M., Gianoulakis C., & Ng Ying Kin, N.M.K. (2007). Neurocognitive Characteristics of DUI Recidivists. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 37, 743-750.
Couture, S., Brown, T.G., Ouimet, M.C., & Gianoulakis, C., Tremblay, J. & Carboneau, R. (2008). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response to stress in male DUI recidivists. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40(1), 246-253.
Brown, T.G., Ouimet, M.C., Nadeau, L., Gianoulakis, C., Lepage, M., Tremblay, J., Dongier, M. (2009). From the brain to bad behaviour: Neurocognitive and psychobiological mechanisms of driving while impaired. Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, 406–418.
Couture, S., Brown, T.G., Tremblay, J., Ng Yin Kin, N.M.K., Ouimet, M.C., Nadeau, L. (2010). Are biomarkers of chronic alcohol misuse useful in the assessment of DWI recidivism status? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, 307-312.
Brown, T.G., Dongier, M., Ouimet, M.C., Tremblay, J., Chanut, F., Legault, L., Ng Yin Kin, N.M.K. (2010). Brief motivational interviewing for DWI recidivists who abuse alcohol and are not participating in DWI intervention: a randomized controlled trial. Alcoholism: Experimental & Clinical Research, 34(2), 292-301.
Couture, S., Brown, T.G., & Brochu, S. (2010). Neurobiologie et trajectoire des contrevenants de l’alcool au volant : vers un modèle multidimensionnel. Revue internationale de criminologie et de police technique et scientifique, 63, 445-468.
Maldonado Bouchard, S., Brown, T.G., Nadeau, L. (2012). Decision-making capacities and affective reward anticipation in DWI recidivists compared to non-offenders: a preliminary study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 580-587.
Brown, T. G., Dongier, M., Ouimet, M. C., Tremblay, J., Chanut, F., Legault, L., & Kin, N. M. (2012). The role of demographic characteristics and readiness to change in 12-month outcome from two distinct brief interventions for impaired drivers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(4), 339-446.
Brown, T.G. & Ouimet, M.C. (2012). Treatments for Alcohol-Related Impaired Driving. In: M. McMurran (Ed). Alcohol-Related Violence: Prevention and Treatment. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Wells, S. & Brown, T.G. (2012). Patient attitudes towards change in Adapted Motivational Interviewing for substance abuse: a systematic review. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, 3(1), 61-72.
Ouimet, M.C., Dongier, M., Di Leo, I., Legault, L., Tremblay, J., Chanut, F., Brown, T.G. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of brief motivational interviewing in impaired driving recidivists: a 5-year follow-up of traffic offenses and crashes. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(11), 1979-85.
Brown, T.G., Bhatti, J., Di Leo, I. (2013). Driving While Impaired (Treatments). In: Peter M. Miller (Ed.) Interventions for Addiction. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 207–217.
Ouimet, M.C., Brown, T.G., Guo, F., Klauer, S. G., Simons-Morton, B. G., Fang, Y., Dingus, T. A. (2014). Higher Crash and Near-Crash Rates in Teenaged Drivers With Lower Cortisol Response: An 18-Month Longitudinal, Naturalistic Study. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(6), 517-522.
Couture, S., Ouimet, M. C., Gianoulakis, C., Tremblay, J., Ng Ying Kin, N. M. K., Brochu, S., Pruessner, J., Dedovic, K. & Brown, T. G. 2015. Lower cortisol activity is associated with first-time driving while impaired. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 9, 25-32.


Dr. Brown obtained his Ph.D. in General and Experimental Psychology in 1990 at Concordia University and was licensed as a clinical psychologist in 1991. He holds positions as Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, Director of the Addiction Research Program of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, and head of research and evaluation at Foster Addiction Rehabilitation Centre, a provincial health facility. His focus is on translational addiction research. His team has conducted descriptive studies, randomized controlled trials, and quasi-experimental naturalistic studies to characterize vulnerable substance misusing subpopulations and evaluate the selective benefits of established and novel therapeutic approaches for these groups. These approaches include Relapse Prevention, 12-Step aftercare, Motivational Interviewing, as well as other brief interventions modalities. Since 2008, Dr. Brown has directed the Canadian Institutes of Health Research-funded “Team in Transdisciplinary Studies into Driving While Impaired Onset, Persistence, Treatment and Prevention”. Its pioneering research agenda explores substance misuse from the optic of injury prevention and its nexus with psychosocial and psychological adjustment, neurobiology, sex and gender, law, prevention policy and program administration, and clinical practice.


Chercheur-Boursier, “Treatment Milieu-based Applied Research Program in Substance Abuse”. Funding Agency: Conseil Québécois de Recherche Sociale (CQRS); 1996-2008


Principal investigators
Thomas G. Brown, Douglas Institute
Louise Nadeau, University of Montreal
Marie Claude Ouimet, University of Sherbrooke

Associate investigators
Antoine Bechara
Maurice Dongier
Christina Gianoulakis
Reut Gruber
Martin Lepage
Ng Mien Kwong Ng Ying Kin
Jens C. Pruessner
Norbert Schmitz
Jacques Tremblay

Collaborators
Candide Beaumont, Association des centres de réadaptation en dépendance du Québec
Robyn Robertson, Traffic Injury Research Foundation
Ward Vanlaar, Traffic Injury Research Foundation
Lyne Vézina, Société de l’assurance automobile du Québec

Étudiants diplômés
Derek Albert
Farah Averill
Nevicia Case
Manal El-Deb
Kaitlyn Enright
Jose Arturo Santisteban Lopez
Queenie Wong

Etudiants au Baccalauréat
Andréane Lauzer
Catherine Allard-Chapais
Camille Deshaies-Guilbault
Raphaëlle Tremblay
Marie-Sarah Girard
Emmanuelle Beaulieu
Marilyne Laverdière
Karine Veilleux
Luis-Manuel Vacaflor

Research associate
Katarina Dedovic

Coordinators
Lucie Legault
Lysiane Robidoux Léonard
Laurence Fecteau-Fortin


Publications récentes

Publications récentes

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  • Douglas Hospital
  • Dobell Pavillion
  • Brain imaging centre