Structural brain correlates of cognitive function in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis.

TitleStructural brain correlates of cognitive function in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKhalil M, Hollander P, Raucher-Chéné D, Lepage M, Lavigne KM
JournalNeurosci Biobehav Rev
Volume132
Pagination37-49
Date Published2021 Nov 23
ISSN1873-7528
Abstract

Schizophrenia is characterized by cognitive impairments and widespread structural brain abnormalities. Brain structure-cognition associations have been extensively studied in schizophrenia, typically involving individual cognitive domains or brain regions of interest. Findings in overlapping and diffuse brain regions may point to structural alterations in large-scale brain networks. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis examining whether brain structure-cognition associations can be explained in terms of biologically meaningful brain networks. Of 7,261 screened articles, 88 were included in a series of meta-analyses assessing publication bias, heterogeneity, and study quality. Significant associations were found between overall brain structure and eight MATRICS-inspired cognitive domains. Brain structure mapped onto the seven Yeo functionally defined networks and extraneous structures (amygdala, hippocampus, and cerebellum) typically showed associations with conceptually related cognitive domains, with higher-level domains (e.g., executive function, social cognition) associated with more networks. These findings synthesize the extensive literature on brain structure and cognition in schizophrenia from a contemporary network neuroscience perspective and suggest that brain structure-cognition associations in schizophrenia may follow functional network architecture.

DOI10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.11.034
Alternate JournalNeurosci Biobehav Rev
PubMed ID34822878