School-based sleep education program improves sleep and academic performance of school-age children.

TitleSchool-based sleep education program improves sleep and academic performance of school-age children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGruber R, Somerville G, Bergmame L, Fontil L, Paquin S
JournalSleep Med
Volume21
Pagination93-100
Date Published2016 May
ISSN1878-5506
Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based sleep education program aimed at improving the sleep and academic performance of school-age children.METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, we created a school-based sleep education program, "Sleep for Success"™ (SFS), composed of four distinct modules that addressed the children, their family and community, the school staff, and decision makers within the school setting. Implementation was carried out in three elementary schools. Seventy-one students participated in the evaluation of the program. The effectiveness of the SFS program was evaluated using non-randomized controlled before-and-after study groups (intervention and control) assessed over two time points (pre- and post-program implementation). Before (baseline) and after implementation, sleep and academic performance were measured using actigraphy and report card marks, respectively.RESULTS: In the intervention group, true sleep was extended by 18.2 min per night, sleep efficiency improved by 2.3%, and sleep latency was shortened by 2.3 min, and report card grades in mathematics and English improved significantly. No changes were noted in the control group.CONCLUSION: Participation in the sleep education program was associated with significant improvements in children's sleep and academic performance.

DOI10.1016/j.sleep.2016.01.012
Alternate JournalSleep Med.
PubMed ID27448478