Longitudinal characterization of neuroanatomical changes in the Fischer 344 rat brain during normal aging and between sexes.

TitleLongitudinal characterization of neuroanatomical changes in the Fischer 344 rat brain during normal aging and between sexes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsFowler C, Goerzen D, Madularu D, Devenyi GA, Chakravarty MM, Near J
JournalNeurobiol Aging
Volume109
Pagination216-228
Date Published2022 Jan
ISSN1558-1497
Abstract

Animal models are widely used to study the pathophysiology of disease and to evaluate the efficacy of novel interventions, crucial steps towards improving disease outcomes in humans. The Fischer 344 (F344) wildtype rat is a common experimental background strain for transgenic models of disease and is one of the most frequently used models in aging research. Despite frequency of use, characterization of agerelated neuroanatomical change has not been performed in the F344 rat. To this end, we present a comprehensive longitudinal examination of morphometric change in 73 brain regions and at a voxel-wise level during normative aging in vivo in a mixed-sexcohort of F344 rats. We identified the greatest vulnerability to aging within the cortex, caudoputamen, hindbrain, and internal capsule, while the influence of sex was strongest in the caudoputamen, hippocampus, nucleus accumbens, and thalamus, many of which are implicated in memory and motor control circuits frequently affected by aging and neurodegenerative disease. These findings provide a baseline for neuroanatomical changes associated with aging in male and female F344 rats, to which data from transgenic models or other background strains can be compared.

DOI10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2021.10.003
Alternate JournalNeurobiol Aging
PubMed ID34775212