Judging Strangers' Trustworthiness is Associated with Theory of Mind Skills.

TitleJudging Strangers' Trustworthiness is Associated with Theory of Mind Skills.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPrevost M, Brodeur MB, Onishi KH, Lepage M, Gold I
JournalFront Psychiatry
Volume6
Pagination52
Date Published2015
ISSN1664-0640
Abstract

Trusting people requires evaluating them to assess their trustworthiness. Evaluating a stranger's intentions is likely to be one method of assessing trustworthiness. The present study tested the hypothesis that judgments of trustworthiness are associated with mind reading skills, also called theory of mind (ToM). We tested a group of healthy participants and a group of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Both groups made ToM judgments and judged the trustworthiness of strangers. Participants were also assessed for their disposition to trust as well as levels of paranoid belief. As anticipated, healthy participants had a normal ToM scores and patients with paranoid schizophrenia had poor ToM scores. In paranoid patients, better ability to read others' minds was associated with judging others as more trustworthy, while the reverse was found in the healthy participants (better mind reading was associated with judging others as less trustworthy), suggesting a non-linear relationship between trust in others and being able to read their intentions.

DOI10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00052
Alternate JournalFront Psychiatry
PubMed ID25941495
PubMed Central IDPMC4403288