Is gentrification all bad? Positive association between gentrification and individual's perceived neighborhood collective efficacy in Montreal, Canada.

TitleIs gentrification all bad? Positive association between gentrification and individual's perceived neighborhood collective efficacy in Montreal, Canada.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSteinmetz-Wood M, Wasfi R, Parker G, Bornstein L, Caron J., Kestens Y
JournalInt J Health Geogr
Volume16
Issue1
Pagination24
Date Published2017 Jul 14
ISSN1476-072X
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Collective efficacy has been associated with many health benefits at the neighborhood level. Therefore, understanding why some communities have greater collective efficacy than others is important from a public health perspective. This study examined the relationship between gentrification and collective efficacy, in Montreal Canada.METHODS: A gentrification index was created using tract level median household income, proportion of the population with a bachelor's degree, average rent, proportion of the population with low income, and proportion of the population aged 30-44. Multilevel linear regression analyses were conducted to measure the association between gentrification and individual level collective efficacy.RESULTS: Gentrification was positively associated with collective efficacy. Gentrifiers (individuals moving into gentrifying neighborhoods) had higher collective efficacy than individuals that lived in a neighborhood that did not gentrify. Perceptions of collective efficacy of the original residents of gentrifying neighborhoods were not significantly different from the perceptions of neighborhood collective efficacy of gentrifiers.CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that gentrification was positively associated with perceived collective efficacy. This implies that gentrification could have beneficial health effects for individuals living in gentrifying neighborhoods.

DOI10.1186/s12942-017-0096-6
Alternate JournalInt J Health Geogr
PubMed ID28709431
PubMed Central IDPMC5513321