Functional neural correlates of social approval in schizophrenia.
|Title||Functional neural correlates of social approval in schizophrenia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Makowski CS, Lepage M, Harvey P-O|
|Journal||Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci|
|Date Published||2016 Mar|
|Keywords||Adult, Brain Mapping, Cognition, Feedback, Psychological, Female, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Parietal Lobe, Personality, Reward, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic Psychology, Social Behavior, Young Adult|
Social approval is a reward that uses abstract social reinforcers to guide interpersonal interactions. Few studies have specifically explored social reward processing and its related neural substrates in schizophrenia. Fifteen patients with schizophrenia and fifteen healthy controls participated in a two-part study to explore the functional neural correlates of social approval. In the first session, participants were led to believe their personality would be assessed based on their results from various questionnaires and an interview. Participants were then presented with the results of their supposed evaluation in the scanner, while engaging in a relevant fMRI social approval task. Subjects provided subjective reports of pleasure associated with receiving self-directed positive or negative feedback. Higher activation of the right parietal lobe was found in controls compared with individuals with schizophrenia. Both groups rated traits from the high social reward condition as more pleasurable than the low social reward condition, while intergroup differences emerged in the low social reward condition. Positive correlations were found in patients only between subjective ratings of positive feedback and right insula activation, and a relevant behavioural measure. Evidence suggests potential neural substrates underlying the cognitive representation of social reputation in schizophrenia.
|Alternate Journal||Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC4769627|