Demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics of older adults with prediabetes in England.
|Title||Demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics of older adults with prediabetes in England.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Graham E, Gariépy G, Burns RJ, Schmitz N|
|Date Published||2015 Aug|
|Keywords||Aged, Aging, Body Weight, England, Female, Health Status, Health Surveys, Humans, Life Style, Logistic Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Prediabetic State, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Social Class|
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics of older adults with prediabetes compared to those with normal glucose levels or diabetes.METHOD: Participants were from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging 2004-2005 (n=4168). Statistical analyses examined differences between people with prediabetes and 1) people with normal glucose levels and 2) people with diabetes. Design-based F-statistics and t-tests tested differences for each characteristic individually and multinomial logistic regression examined adjusted associations. Survey weighting and cluster information was used to generalize to the older English population.RESULTS: Compared to people with normal glucose levels, people with prediabetes were older (RR=1.05 95% CI 1.04-1.07), more likely to be employed (RR=1.27 95% CI 1.01-1.60), more likely to smoke (RR=2.21 95% CI 1.74-2.80), and had higher BMIs (RR=1.08 95% CI 1.06-1.10). Compared to people with diabetes, people with prediabetes were more likely to be women (RR=2.12 95% CI 1.57-2.86), more likely to be employed (RR=1.54 95% CI 1.02-2.33), had lower BMIs (RR=0.95 95% CI 0.93-0.98), were less likely to have a cardiovascular condition (RR=0.34 95% CI 0.24-0.47), and had higher self-rated health (χ(2)=26.08, p<0.001).CONCLUSION: Older adults with prediabetes have a unique set of characteristics that may inform prevention or intervention schemes.
|Alternate Journal||Prev Med|