Circadian rhythms in adaptive immunity and vaccination.

TitleCircadian rhythms in adaptive immunity and vaccination.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCermakian N, Stegeman SK, Tekade K, Labrecque N
JournalSemin Immunopathol
Date Published2021 Nov 25
ISSN1863-2300
Abstract

Adaptive immunity allows an organism to respond in a specific manner to pathogens and other non-self-agents. Also, cells of the adaptive immune system, such as T and B lymphocytes, can mediate a memory of an encounter with a pathogen, allowing a more efficient response to a future infection. As for other aspects of physiology and of the immune system, the adaptive immune system is regulated by circadian clocks. Consequently, the development, differentiation, and trafficking between tissues of adaptive immune cells have been shown to display daily rhythms. Also, the response of T cells to stimuli (e.g., antigen presentation to T cells by dendritic cells) varies according to a circadian rhythm, due to T cell-intrinsic mechanisms as well as cues from other tissues. The circadian control of adaptive immune response has implications for our understanding of the fight against pathogens as well as auto-immune diseases, but also for vaccination, a preventive measure based on the development of immune memory.

DOI10.1007/s00281-021-00903-7
Alternate JournalSemin Immunopathol
PubMed ID34825270
Grant ListPJT-168847 / CAPMC / CIHR / Canada