Change in Housing Status among Homeless and Formerly Homeless Individuals in Quebec, Canada: A Profile Study.

TitleChange in Housing Status among Homeless and Formerly Homeless Individuals in Quebec, Canada: A Profile Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsKaltsidis G, Grenier G, Cao Z, Fleury M-J
JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
Volume17
Issue17
Date Published2020 Aug 27
ISSN1660-4601
Abstract

Housing stability is a key outcome in studies evaluating housing services for the homeless population. Housing stability has typically been defined dichotomously and based on a fixed duration of maintenance in housing accommodations, which does not fully capture change in housing status among homeless individuals. Moreover, few typologies have examined housing trajectories across different housing types. Cluster analysis was used to develop a typology of housing status change for 270 currently or formerly homeless individuals in Quebec (Canada) residing in shelters and temporary and permanent housing. Participants were interviewed at baseline (T0) and 12 months later (T1). The Gelberg-Andersen Model was used to organize housing-related variables into predisposing, needs and enabling factors. Comparison analyses were conducted to assess group differences. Three groups (Groups 1, 3 and 4) had more favorable and two (Groups 2 and 5) less favorable, housing status at T1. Findings suggest that maintenance or improvement of housing status requires suitable types and frequencies of service use (enabling factors) that are well adapted to the nature and complexity of health problems (needs factors) among homeless individuals. Specific interventions, such as outreach programs and case management, should be prioritized for individuals at higher risk for returning to homelessness.

DOI10.3390/ijerph17176254
Alternate JournalInt J Environ Res Public Health
PubMed ID32867382
PubMed Central IDPMC7504688
Grant ListProject # 435-2016-0761. / / Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada /