A central role for ubiquitination within a circadian clock protein modification code.

TitleA central role for ubiquitination within a circadian clock protein modification code.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStojkovic K, Wing SS, Cermakian N
JournalFront Mol Neurosci
Volume7
Pagination69
Date Published2014
Abstract

Circadian rhythms, endogenous cycles of about 24 h in physiology, are generated by a master clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus and other clocks located in the brain and peripheral tissues. Circadian disruption is known to increase the incidence of various illnesses, such as mental disorders, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. At the molecular level, periodicity is established by a set of clock genes via autoregulatory translation-transcription feedback loops. This clock mechanism is regulated by post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination, which set the pace of the clock. Ubiquitination in particular has been found to regulate the stability of core clock components but also other clock protein functions. Mutation of genes encoding ubiquitin ligases can cause either elongation or shortening of the endogenous circadian period. Recent research has also started to uncover roles for deubiquitination in the molecular clockwork. Here, we review the role of the ubiquitin pathway in regulating the circadian clock and we propose that ubiquitination is a key element in a clock protein modification code that orchestrates clock mechanisms and circadian behavior over the daily cycle.

DOI10.3389/fnmol.2014.00069
Alternate JournalFront Mol Neurosci
PubMed ID25147498
PubMed Central IDPMC4124793