Back to basics: a bilingual advantage in infant visual habituation.

TitleBack to basics: a bilingual advantage in infant visual habituation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSingh L, Fu CSL, Rahman AA, Hameed WB, Sanmugam S, Agarwal P, Jiang B, Chong YSeng, Meaney MJ, Rifkin-Graboi A
Corporate AuthorsGUSTO Research Team
JournalChild Dev
Volume86
Issue1
Pagination294-302
Date Published2015 Jan-Feb
ISSN1467-8624
KeywordsChild Development, Female, Habituation, Psychophysiologic, Humans, Infant, Male, Multilingualism, Recognition (Psychology), Visual Perception
Abstract

Comparisons of cognitive processing in monolinguals and bilinguals have revealed a bilingual advantage in inhibitory control. Recent studies have demonstrated advantages associated with exposure to two languages in infancy. However, the domain specificity and scope of the infant bilingual advantage in infancy remains unclear. In the present study, 114 monolingual and bilingual infants were compared in a very basic task of information processing-visual habituation-at 6 months of age. Bilingual infants demonstrated greater efficiency in stimulus encoding as well as in improved recognition memory for familiar stimuli as compared to monolinguals. Findings reveal a generalized cognitive advantage in bilingual infants that is broad in scope, early to emerge, and not specific to language.

DOI10.1111/cdev.12271
Alternate JournalChild Dev
PubMed ID25074016