Associations Between Peer Victimization and Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt During Adolescence: Results From a Prospective Population-Based Birth Cohort.

TitleAssociations Between Peer Victimization and Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempt During Adolescence: Results From a Prospective Population-Based Birth Cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGeoffroy M-C, Boivin M, Arseneault L, Turecki G, Vitaro F, Brendgen M, Renaud J, Séguin JR, Tremblay RE, Côté SM
JournalJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Volume55
Issue2
Pagination99-105
Date Published2016 Feb
ISSN1527-5418
KeywordsAdolescent, Bullying, Crime Victims, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Peer Group, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Self Report, Suicidal Ideation, Suicide, Suicide, Attempted, Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test whether adolescents who are victimized by peers are at heightened risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, using both cross-sectional and prospective investigations.METHOD: Participants are from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a general population sample of children born in Quebec in 1997 through 1998 and followed up until 15 years of age. Information about victimization and serious suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in the past year was obtained at ages 13 and 15 years from self-reports (N = 1,168).RESULTS: Victims reported concurrently higher rates of suicidal ideation at age 13 years (11.6-14.7%) and suicide attempt at age 15 years (5.4-6.8%) compared to those who had not been victimized (2.7-4.1% for suicidal ideation and 1.6-1.9% for suicide attempt). Being victimized by peers at 13 years predicted suicidal ideation (odds ratio [OR] = 2.27; 95% CI = 1.25-4.12) and suicide attempt (OR = 3.05, 95% CI = 1.36-6.82) 2 years later, even after adjusting for baseline suicidality and mental health problems and a series of confounders (socioeconomic status, intelligence, family's functioning and structure, hostile-reactive parenting, maternal lifetime suicidal ideation/suicide attempt). Those who were victimized at both 13 and 15 years had the highest risk of suicidal ideation (OR = 5.41, 95% CI = 2.53-11.53) and suicide attempt (OR = 5.85, 95% CI = 2.12-16.18) at 15 years.CONCLUSION: Victimization is associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt over and above concurrent suicidality and prior mental health problems. The longer the history of victimization, the greater the risk.

DOI10.1016/j.jaac.2015.11.010
Alternate JournalJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
PubMed ID26802776
Grant ListMOP#114984 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada
OGE#111395 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada

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