Association of increased abdominal adiposity at birth with altered ventral caudate microstructure.

TitleAssociation of increased abdominal adiposity at birth with altered ventral caudate microstructure.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKoh DXP, Tint MThway, Gluckman PD, Chong YSeng, Yap FKP, Qiu A, Eriksson JG, Fortier MV, Silveira PP, Meaney MJ, Tan APeng
JournalInt J Obes (Lond)
Date Published2021 11

BACKGROUND: Neonatal adiposity is associated with a higher risk of obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors in later life. It is however unknown if central food intake regulating networks in the ventral striatum are altered with in-utero abdominal growth, indexed by neonatal adiposity in our current study. We aim to examine the relationship between striatal microstructure and abdominal adipose tissue compartments (AATCs) in Asian neonates from the Growing Up in Singapore Toward healthy Outcomes mother-offspring cohort.STUDY DESIGN: About 109 neonates were included in this study. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for the brain and abdominal regions between 5 to 17 days of life. Diffusion-weighted imaging of the brain was performed for the derivation of caudate and putamen fractional anisotropy (FA). Abdominal imaging was performed to quantify AATCs namely superficial subcutaneous adipose tissue (sSAT), deep subcutaneous adipose tissue (dSAT), and internal adipose tissue (IAT). Absolute and percentage adipose tissue of total abdominal volume (TAV) were calculated.RESULTS: We showed that AATCs at birth were significantly associated with increased FA in bilateral ventral caudate heads which are part of the ventral striatum (sSAT: β = 0.56, p < 0.001; β = 0.65, p < 0.001, dSAT: β = 0.43, p < 0.001; β = 0.52, p < 0.001, IAT: β = 0.30, p = 0.005; β = 0.32, p = 0.002) in neonates with low birth weights adjusted for gestational age.CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides preliminary evidence of a potential relationship between neonatal adiposity and in-utero programming of the ventral striatum, a brain structure that governs feeding behavior.

Alternate JournalInt J Obes (Lond)
PubMed ID34282269