Are Circadian Disturbances a Core Pathophysiological Component of Schizophrenia?
|Title||Are Circadian Disturbances a Core Pathophysiological Component of Schizophrenia?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Delorme TC, Srivastava LK, Cermakian N|
|Journal||J Biol Rhythms|
|Date Published||2020 08|
Schizophrenia is a multifactorial disorder caused by a combination of genetic variations and exposure to environmental insults. Sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances are a prominent and ubiquitous feature of many psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. There is growing interest in uncovering the mechanistic link between schizophrenia and circadian rhythms, which may directly affect disorder outcomes. In this review, we explore the interaction between schizophrenia and circadian rhythms from 2 complementary angles. First, we review evidence that sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances constitute a fundamental component of schizophrenia, as supported by both human studies and animal models with genetic mutations related to schizophrenia. Second, we discuss the idea that circadian rhythm disruption interacts with existing risk factors for schizophrenia to promote schizophrenia-relevant behavioral and neurobiological abnormalities. Understanding the mechanistic link between schizophrenia and circadian rhythms will have implications for mitigating risk to the disorder and informing the development of circadian-based therapies.
|Alternate Journal||J Biol Rhythms|
|Grant List||PJT-153299 / / CIHR / Canada|