Amyloid-dependent and amyloid-independent effects of Tau in individuals without dementia.
|Title||Amyloid-dependent and amyloid-independent effects of Tau in individuals without dementia.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Therriault J, Pascoal TA, Sefranek M, Mathotaarachchi S, Benedet AL, Chamoun M, Lussier FZ, Tissot C, Bellaver B, Lukasewicz PS, Zimmer ER, Saha-Chaudhuri P, Gauthier S, Rosa-Neto P|
|Corporate Authors||Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative|
|Journal||Ann Clin Transl Neurol|
|Date Published||2021 10|
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the topography of amyloid-β plaques, tau neurofibrillary tangles, and the overlap between the two, with cognitive dysfunction in individuals without dementia.METHODS: We evaluated 154 individuals who were assessed with amyloid-β PET with [ F]AZD4694, tau-PET with [ F]MK6240, structural MRI, and neuropsychological testing. We also evaluated an independent cohort of 240 individuals who were assessed with amyloid-β PET with [ F]Florbetapir, tau-PET with [ F]Flortaucipir, structural MRI, and neuropsychological testing. Using the VoxelStats toolbox, we conducted voxel-wise linear regressions between amyloid-PET, tau-PET, and their interaction with cognitive function, correcting for age, sex, and years of education.RESULTS: In both cohorts, we observed that tau-PET standardized uptake value ratio in medial temporal lobes was associated with clinical dementia rating Sum of Boxes (CDR-SoB) scores independently of local amyloid-PET uptake (FWE corrected at p < 0.001). We also observed in both cohorts that in regions of the neocortex, associations between neocortical tau-PET and clinical function were dependent on local amyloid-PET (FWE corrected at p < 0.001).INTERPRETATION: In medial temporal brain regions, characterized by the accumulation of tau pathology in the absence of amyloid-β, tau had direct associations with cognitive dysfunction. In brain regions characterized by the accumulation of both amyloid-β and tau pathologies such as the posterior cingulate and medial frontal cortices, tau's relationship with cognitive dysfunction was dependent on local amyloid-β concentrations. Our results provide evidence that amyloid-β in Alzheimer's disease influences cognition by potentiating the deleterious effects of tau pathology.
|Alternate Journal||Ann Clin Transl Neurol|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC8528464|
|Grant List|| / / Weston Brain Institute / |
/ / Canadian Institutes for Health Research /
/ / Alzheimer's Society of Canada /
/ ALZ / Alzheimer's Association / United States