Alzheimer amyloid peptide aβ42 regulates gene expression of transcription and growth factors.

TitleAlzheimer amyloid peptide aβ42 regulates gene expression of transcription and growth factors.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBarucker C, Sommer A, Beckmann G, Eravci M, Harmeier A, Schipke CG, Brockschnieder D, Dyrks T, Althoff V, Fraser PE, Hazrati L-N, St George-Hyslop P, Breitner JCS, Peters O, Multhaup G
JournalJ Alzheimers Dis
Date Published2015
KeywordsAlzheimer Disease, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Animals, Cell Line, Tumor, Cerebral Cortex, Gene Expression Regulation, Hippocampus, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3, Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 5, Mice, Transgenic, Microarray Analysis, Peptide Fragments, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger

The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides leading to deposition of senile plaques and a progressive decline of cognitive functions, which currently remains the main criterion for its diagnosis. Robust biomarkers for AD do not yet exist, although changes in the cerebrospinal fluid levels of tau and Aβ represent promising candidates in addition to brain imaging and genetic risk profiling. Although concentrations of soluble Aβ42 correlate with symptoms of AD, less is known about the biological activities of Aβ peptides which are generated from the amyloid-β protein precursor. An unbiased DNA microarray study showed that Aβ42, at sub-lethal concentrations, specifically increases expression of several genes in neuroblastoma cells, notably the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 3 and 5 (IGFBP3/5), the transcription regulator inhibitor of DNA binding, and the transcription factor Lim only domain protein 4. Using qRT-PCR, we confirmed that mRNA levels of the identified candidate genes were exclusively increased by the potentially neurotoxic Aβ42 wild-type peptide, as both the less toxic Aβ40 and a non-toxic substitution peptide Aβ42 G33A did not affect mRNA levels. In vivo immunohistochemistry revealed a corresponding increase in both hippocampal and cortical IGFBP5 expression in an AD mouse model. Proteomic analyses of human AD cerebrospinal fluid displayed increased in vivo concentrations of IGFBPs. IGFBPs and transcription factors, as identified here, are modulated by soluble Aβ42 and may represent useful early biomarkers.

Alternate JournalJ. Alzheimers Dis.
PubMed ID25318543
Grant List081864 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
089703 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
MOP-133411 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada