Exploring trajectories of diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes; a latent class growth modeling approach.
|Title||Exploring trajectories of diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes; a latent class growth modeling approach.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Lipscombe C, Burns RJ, Schmitz N|
|Journal||J Affect Disord|
|Date Published||2015 Dec 01|
|Keywords||Adult, Aged, Canada, Comorbidity, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires|
BACKGROUND: Moderate to severe diabetes distress (DD) is a common comorbidity among adults with type 2 diabetes. Cross-sectional studies find DD is strongly correlated with poor diabetes management, however little is known about the pattern of change of DD symptoms over long periods of time. We sought to identify and describe a set of distinct longitudinal trajectories of DD over 4 years of follow-up time.METHODS: We used data derived from the Evaluation of Diabetes Treatment study (2011-2014), a longitudinal community-based survey of Canadian adults (40-75 years) with type 2 diabetes (n=1135). To determine the number and shape of trajectories, we used a latent class growth modeling approach.RESULTS: Five distinct trajectories of DD were identified. Trajectories 1 and 2 comprised participants with persistently low (61%) or persistently low, but at risk (22%) levels of distress. Trajectory 3 (7.5%) included participants with decreasing moderate levels of distress. Trajectory 4 (6.5%) consisted of participants with increasing moderate levels of distress. Trajectory 5 (2.4%) included participants with persistently severe levels of distress.LIMITATIONS: Different populations may produce different DD trajectories and thus the generalizability of the strata identified in this report remains to be investigated. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which time-varying covariates might alter the path of DD trajectories.CONCLUSIONS: For most individuals, DD is a fairly stable condition over 4 years of follow-up time. However, for a subset of individuals, DD symptoms worsened over time. Medical health professionals might consider repeated screenings for DD in adults with type 2 diabetes.
|Alternate Journal||J Affect Disord|