Evaluating lifestyle and health-related characteristics of older adults with co-occurring depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities.

TitleEvaluating lifestyle and health-related characteristics of older adults with co-occurring depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsFreitas C, Deschênes S, Au B, Smith K, Schmitz N
JournalInt J Geriatr Psychiatry
Date Published2016 Jan
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Cardiovascular Diseases, Comorbidity, Depressive Disorder, England, Female, Health Status, Humans, Life Style, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Metabolic Diseases, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors

OBJECTIVE: Comorbid depression and cardiometabolic abnormalities might represent an important subgroup of depression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate lifestyle and health-related characteristics of individuals with both depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities.METHODS: Data were from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. The sample was comprised of 5365 adults aged 50-80 years. High depressive symptoms were based on the eight-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale. Cardiometabolic abnormalities were defined as having ≥3 cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertension, impaired glycemic control, systemic inflammation, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, and central obesity). Four groups were created based on Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scores and cardiometabolic abnormalities: those with (i) comorbid depressive symptoms and cardiometabolic abnormalities (DCM); (ii) depressive symptoms only (DnoCM); (iii) cardiometabolic abnormalities only; and (iv) neither depressive symptoms nor cardiometabolic abnormalities. Lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the four groups were compared using chi-square tests. A modified Poisson regression analysis was performed to compare the DCM and the DnoCM groups with respect to lifestyle and health-related characteristics.RESULTS: Those in the DCM group were significantly less physically active (p = 0.003), had poorer self-rated health (p < 0.001), had lower income (p = 0.001), and were more likely to be retired (p < 0.001) than those in the DnoCM group. The pattern of results remained after controlling for other lifestyle and health-related factors.CONCLUSION: These results provide support for a cardiometabolic subgroup of depression that is associated with physical inactivity, poorer self-rated health, lower income, and retirement. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Alternate JournalInt J Geriatr Psychiatry
PubMed ID25827712

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