The dilemma of re-licensing DWI offenders: The offenders' point of view.

TitleThe dilemma of re-licensing DWI offenders: The offenders' point of view.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsNadeau L, Vanlaar W, Jarvis J, Brown TG
JournalAccid Anal Prev
Volume87
Pagination43-9
Date Published2016 Feb
ISSN1879-2057
KeywordsAccidents, Traffic, Adult, Automobile Driving, Culture, Decision Making, Driving Under the Influence, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Female, Focus Groups, Humans, Licensure, Male, Public Policy, Recurrence, Risk Assessment
Abstract

In many jurisdictions, drivers convicted for the first-time of driving while impaired by alcohol undertake a risk assessment that will determine the severity of sanctions and the remedial measures they must follow as requisites for re-licensing. There is uncertainty inherent in the assessment of risk for recidivism, however, many offenders feel unfairly assessed and discommoded by the decision-making process and its consequences. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into the perspectives of offenders regarding re-licensing decision making and sanctioning. Specifically, in focus groups first-time offenders and recidivists were probed as to whether they favoured erring on the side of road safety in decision making, with its consequent greater risk of false positive assessments, or erring on the side of maintaining driving privileges, with its consequent greater risk of false negative assessments. In general, participants preferred a higher probability of false negative vs. false positive assessments. Most cited the consequences of sanctions and remedial measures as too severe to impose them on potentially low-risk drivers, as the assessment and monitoring protocols' limitations could lead to non-equitable treatment. At the same time, recidivists evoked a greater preference for a higher probability of false positive assessments compared to first-time offenders, as they believed that recidivism was more likely to follow a first conviction than did first-time offenders. This information can be useful for a more comprehensive and societally coherent exercise of DWI prevention policies.

DOI10.1016/j.aap.2015.10.029
Alternate JournalAccid Anal Prev
PubMed ID26647015
Grant ListMOP-115063 / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada