The Associations Between Sleep and Externalizing and Internalizing Problems in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Empirical Findings, Clinical Implications, and Future Research Directions.

TitleThe Associations Between Sleep and Externalizing and Internalizing Problems in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Empirical Findings, Clinical Implications, and Future Research Directions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsDimakos J, Gauthier-Gagné G, Lin L, Scholes S, Gruber R
JournalChild Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am
Volume30
Issue1
Pagination175-193
Date Published2021 Jan
ISSN1558-0490
Abstract

Sleep problems are common in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Externalizing and internalizing problems contribute to dysfunction in youth with ADHD and are amplified by disrupted sleep. This objective of this article is to synthesize empirical studies that examined the associations between sleep and internalizing or externalizing problems in individuals with ADHD. The main findings are that sleep problems precede, predict, and significantly contribute to the manifestation of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among children and adolescents with ADHD. Clinicians should assess sleep and integrate sleep interventions into the management of youth with ADHD.

DOI10.1016/j.chc.2020.08.001
Alternate JournalChild Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am
PubMed ID33223061